Energy is very essential to human life as it serves as the capacity to work. In recent times, the world has deviated from the efficient use of energy as it has led to several harmful effects on the environment.

As a call to mitigate this environmental effect, the United Nations placed environmental protection as one of its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be realized by 2030. As a collective pursuit to achieving an energy-efficient and green economy, energy firms on offer great services on how best to use energy at a low carbon emission rate that aligns with the objectives of the United Nations SDGs.

Currently, carbon emission and one-use plastics remain the topmost environmental issues for all governments around the world. Thus, some governments solicit for clean energy networks opinions from experts and merge them with new environmental legislation. Below are five government legislation directed towards protecting the environment in recent times.

1.     Imposition of taxes on high polluting cars:

The rise in vehicle emissions especially in developing economies, has become one of the prime environmental polluting factors. For instance, in France, there is a high rate of vehicle emissions from cars such as SUVs. As a result, the French government has employed its fiscal power of a higher levies/tax rate of approximately $14,000 on vehicles whose emission limits exceed 184g/km CO2. According to a Bloomberg report, this environmental law will generate a lump sum amount of $56 million to the French ministry of finance every year.

2.     Ban on single-use plastics:

Another legislation imposed by the French government is the ban on one-use plastic such as cups, plates, cutlery, straws that are used in eateries and schools. Thus, only cutlery used in health centers and prisons is exempted from the ban till July 2021. Upon this legislation, the government left an allowance for compostable products made from about 50% organic material.

3.     Plastic legislation in Thailand:

In recent times, the government of Thailand also placed a ban on microbeads, cap seals, and oxo-degradable plastics usage. The government further enjoined the corporation of retailers, department stores, and another store network to stop giving free plastic bags to customers, whose contribution to plastic waste by consumers is about 2 million tones.

4.     Plastic ban in the United States:

Similarly, in the US, Albuquerque in New Mexico, a ban has been imposed on one-use plastic bags whose thickness is less than 2.25mm and substituted with thicker bags. Also, in the state of Oregon, retail stores are mandated to charge about 5 cents for reusable and paper bags whose thickness is above 4mm. In New York, with the initiative of the Department of Environmental Conservation, “Bring Your Bag New York” was launched to allow shoppers to come with their bags after a ban was imposed on most one-use plastic bags.

5.     Ban on toxic sunscreen in the region of Palau:

The region of Palau recently imposed a ban on certain kinds of sunscreen as a timely intervention to protect its marine ecosystem with over 1,400 species of reel fish. According to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, many sunscreens harbor Oxybenzone which absorbs ultraviolet light and can harm marine life.

In summary, the new legislation to safeguard the environment will bring about a green economy and a better environment for all and sundry.